Colao Ethnos


Colao Ethnos

Labels: Colao ethnos, Ethnic teams, kadai cluster

Proper name: Colao.

Other names: Tu Du, ho Ki, and Voa de.

Local groups: Colao Xanh (or inexperienced Colao), Colao Trang (white Colao) and Colao Do (red Colao).

Population: one, 473 people.(1999 census).

History: The Colao came to Vietnam concerning 150-200 years past.

Language:
Colao language belongs to the kadai cluster, that additionally includes La ha, La Chi and Pupeo languages (part of the Tai-Kadai language family). within the past, native Colao sub-groups spoke completely different dialects. Nowadays, however, they now not use their own mother tongues. Instead, they speak Yue dialect, Pupeo, and Hmong languages.


Colao Ethnos Vietnam

Production activities:
The Colao people that board high, rocky, mountainous areas observe slash-and-burn agriculture, cultivating swidden fields and growing maize in mountain rocky hollows. Corn is the main crop. They additionally grow beans, wheat, peas, kohlrabi, etc. The Colao use bovine manure, ashes, and fertilizers for enhancing the soil. Ash is placed into the rocky hollows once corn seeds square measure inserted. Some Colao World Health Organization sleep in lowland areas cultivate terraced rice fields. Rice is their main crop and food. ancient handicrafts embody trade (flat bamboo baskets, winnowing baskets and lattices) and woodwork (desks, cases, horse saddles, coffins, and containers). several villages have blacksmiths World Health Organization manufacture their farm tools.

Diet:
The Colao eat ground corn, known as men, or rice, and use wood bowls and spoons.

Clothing:
Colao ladies adopted Tai and Giay designs, however, they sometimes wear longer dresses falling below the knees. Their blouses square measure adorned with bands of multi-colored artifact outside hem, on the front, and on the sleeves. Formerly, the White Colao and inexperienced Colao wore an additional short-sleeved shirt outside to point out the colorful patches on the within blouses' sleeves.

Housing:
Colao villages square measure typically comprised of between 15 and 20 families. The home is divided into 3 compartments and 2 lean-tos, with thatched roofs or roofs manufactured from split bamboo. The Red Colao additionally create stuff homes, as do their neighbors, the Pupeo.

Transportation:
The horse could be a widespread means that of transportation among the Colao. They additionally use GUI (back-baskets) with 2 shoulder straps to move merchandise and manufacture. The Colao typically ought to carry water to their homes. In low mountainous areas, individuals additionally create ducts or a system of gutters to bring water to their own homes.

Social organization:
Every Colao sub-group has its own definite family lineages, like Van, Ho, Senh and Chao (among White Colao), Min, Cao and Su Li (Red Colao) and sang (Green Colao). If a family doesn't have a son, it's possible they'll let their female offspring marry a neighborhood boy and permit him to remain with them. The relative-in-law is entitled to inherit the property of his wife's family. He should come upon the associate altar for each his wife's oldsters and his own ancestors.

Education:
The Chinese language is often employed in nonsecular ceremonies. Nowadays, Colao kids learn Vietnamese and also national orthography.

Marriage:
Marriages square measure completely different among the Colao sub-groups. in line with inexperienced Colao traditions, the bridegroom wears a protracted, inexperienced vest and a red band of material draped over the shoulder. The bride should wear her hair with a coiffure or staff of life on the highest of her head. once she reaches her husband's home, she stops at the gate and steps on a bowl and spoon that were on purpose placed on the bottom. She stays at her husband's house the primary night. spouse seizing customs additionally occur in some Colao areas, like customs practiced by the H'mong.

Birth:
The Colao custom is to burn the placenta and place the ash within the rocky hollows. A baby boy is sometimes named once 3 days and 3 nights, whereas ladies square measure typically named once waiting 2 nights and 3 days. In some places, grandmothers provide babies their names and gift them with gifts once the babies square measure one month previous. This can be notably the case once a baby receives a reputation connoting respect for the ancestors or receives the name of Ghi Trench, a protecting spirit of kids.

Funerals:
Typically, 2 ceremonies square measure command in a very Colao funeral-burial and also the ceremony for the repose of the soul-the latter could also be celebrated among the inexperienced Colao at the burial or many years later. Through prayers, it's hoped that the dead person's spirit can come to Chan San, the native land. in line with Red Colao traditions, rocks square measure placed in a very revolve around the place, every circle of stones loves ten years of the deceased's age. If the stones fully encircle the place, then extra stones are going to be placed on high as required in line with the age of the deceased

Beliefs:
The Colao believe that every person has 3 souls; rice, corn, and animals even have souls. The souls or spirits of rice (mother-rice, father- rice, and wife-rice and husband- rice) square measure worshiped at the top of the harvest-time and on the fifth day of the fifth synodic month. Ancestors of three to four generations square measure worshiped reception. The spirit of the planet is commemorated by every family and additionally by the full village.

Education:
A written sort of the Coho language was fictional in the early twentieth century; it's based totally on the Latin system. Though it's been revised over the years and was schooled in a number of the native colleges, Coho script isn't widespread these days.

Artistic activities:
Coho lore is extravagantly wealthy. The verses of lyrical poems evoke romantic sentiments. The Coho even have several ancient dances, that square measure performed at festivals and ceremonies. Their ancient musical instruments embody the set of six-pattern gongs, gourd oboes (kombu), bamboo flutes, deer-skin drums, etc, that square measure used for ensemble or solo performances.

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